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Boson crowding – And the Critical Answer is…. HARDER DENSER FLUIDITIC SPACE(I KNOW IT’S NOT A WORD… BORROWED FROM STAR TREK) SHELL LIKE BALL BEARING

June 3, 2017

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boson

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_zero

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squeezed_coherent_state

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superconductivity

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_bearing

 

…”

To which states can bosons crowd?

Bose–Einstein statistics encourages identical bosons to crowd into one quantum state, but not any state is necessarily convenient for it. Aside of statistics, bosons can interact – for example, helium-4 atoms are repulsed by intermolecular force on a very close approach, and if one hypothesizes their condensation in a spatially-localized state, then gains from the statistics cannot overcome a prohibitive force potential. A spatially-delocalized state (i.e. with low | ψ(x) |) is preferable: if the number density of the condensate is about the same as in ordinary liquid or solid state, then the repulsive potential for the N-particle condensate in such state can be no higher than for a liquid or a crystalline lattice of the same N particles described without quantum statistics. Thus, Bose–Einstein statistics for a material particle is not a mechanism to bypass physical restrictions on the density of the corresponding substance, and superfluid liquid helium has the density comparable to the density of ordinary liquid matter. Spatially-delocalized states also permit for a low momentum according to uncertainty principle, hence for low kinetic energy; this is why superfluidity and superconductivity are usually observed in low temperatures.

Photons do not interact with themselves and hence do not experience this difference in states where to crowd (see squeezed coherent state).”…

 

SO THE NEXT LOGICAL CRITICAL QUESTION IS…

WHAT IS HAPPENING AS YOU APPROACH AND COME CLOSE TO ABSOLUTE ZERO ???

COME ON NOW…. YOU CAN DO IT !  THINK… OR RATHER MEDIATE ON IT !

 

ENJOY

 

:~)))

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